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大学英语四级真题答案1991,1和1991,6的,文章都是一样的,如下Theaimoftheteacheristogethispupilsasquicklyaspossibleovertheperiodinwhicheachprintedsymbolislookedatforitsshape,andarriveatthestagewhenthep
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更新时间:2022-12-01 18:56:43
问题描述:

大学英语四级真题答案1991,1和1991,6的,

文章都是一样的,

如下

Theaimoftheteacheristogethispupilsasquicklyaspossibleovertheperiodinwhicheachprintedsymbolislookedatforitsshape,andarriveatthestagewhenthepupillooksatwordsandphrases,fortheirmeaning,almostwithoutnoticingtheshapesoftheseparateletters.

Whenagoodreaderisatworkhedoesnotlookatletters,norevenatwords,onebyonehoweverquickly;hetakesinthemeaningoftwo,three,orfourwordsatatime,inasinglemoment.Watchcarefullytheeyesofapersonwhoisreading,anditwillbeseenthattheydonottravelsmoothlyalongthelinesofprint,buttheymovebyjumpsseparatedbyveryshortstops.Theeyesofaverygoodreadermovequickly,takinglongjumpsandmakingveryshorthalts(停顿);theeyesofapoorreadermovemoreslowly,takingonlyshortjumpsandstoppinglongerateachhalt.Sometimes,whenhemeetsadifficulty,heevengoesbackwardstoseeagainwhathasalreadybeenlookedatonce.

Theteacher’staskisthereforeclear:itistotrainhispupilstotakeinseveralwordsataglance(oneeye-jump’)andtoremovethenecessityforgoingbackwardstoreadsomethingasecondtime.

Thisshowsatoncethatletter-by-letter,orsyllable-by-syllable,orword-by-wordreading,withthefingerpointingtotheword,carefullyfixingeachoneinturn,iswrong.Itiswrongbecausesuchamethodtiesthepupil’seyesdowntoaveryshortjump,andtheaimistotrainforthelongjump.Moreover,averyshortjumpistooshorttoprovideanymeaningorsense;anditwillbefoundthathavingstruggledwiththreeorfourwordsseparately,thepupilhastolookatthemagain,alltogetherandinonegroup,inordertogetthemeaningofthewholephrase.

21.Whichofthefollowingisclosestinmeaningtothefirstparagraph?

A)Pupilsshouldbetrainedtoreachquicklythestageofreadingwithouthavingtoconcentrateontheseparatesymbols.

B)Pupilsshouldlookateachprintedsymbolforitsmeaningaswellasforitsshape.

C)Teachersshouldhelptheirpupilsavoidlookingattheshapeoftheprintedsymbols.

D)Teachersshouldtelltheirpupilsthedifferentstagesoftheirstudy.

22.Inasinglemoment,agoodreaderpicksup________.

屈荫生回答:
  A、C
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